Both interest in property investments (which was rather uncertain in the first half-year) and access to capital strengthened during the second half-year, which has resulted in a stable and strong property market despite it still being impossible to fully overview the effects of the pandemic. A certain amount of differentiation is occurring among different property types, with secure cash flows remaining particularly attractive. Castellum recognised an unrealised change in value of MSEK 3,712 (4,276). Moreover, sales of MSEK 151 (–358) were recognised, which comprised an earnout from the sale of the Archimedes property in Stockholm in 2018 (the detailed development plan entered force last year and the transaction has finally been settled) as well as the sale of five properties at a price that exceeded their value by approximately MSEK 30.
Castellum signed agreements in late 2020 on the sale of an asset portfolio to Blackstone for approximately SEK 18.1 billion, net, less costs and deferred tax of approximately MSEK 900, entailing an underlying property value of approximately SEK 19 billion. The sale was divided into two tranches:
- Portfolio No. 1, with a net sale price of approximately SEK 5 billion and a valuation at year end of approximately SEK 4.8 billion, with hand-over in early February. The transaction was contingent upon approval by the Swedish Competition Authority (granted in January 2021) and will thus be recognised as sold in the first quarter of 2021.
- Portfolio No. 2, with a net sale price of approximately SEK 13.1 billion and a valuation at year end of approximately SEK 12.7 billion, with hand-over in late March or early April. The transaction was contingent upon both approval by the Swedish Competition Authority (received in January 2021) and the successful combination with Entra (offer withdrawn in February 2021).
Since each property is valued individually, consideration has not been given to the portfolio premium that can be seen in the property market. The net increase in value, including this year’s change, over the past ten years has been 3.3% per year, which is higher than inflation of approximately 0.9% during the same period.
Castellum uses interest rate derivatives to achieve the desired interest rate maturity structure. If the agreed interest rate deviates from the market interest rate, notwithstanding credit margins, a theoretical surplus or deficit value arises in the interest rate derivatives, where changes in value not affecting the cash flow are recognised in profit or loss. Castellum also holds derivatives in order to hedge currency fluctuation in its investments in Denmark and Finland as well as to manage currency risk and adjust its interest rate structure in connection with borrowing in the international capital market. As for currency derivatives, a theoretical surplus/deficit value occurs if the agreed exchange rate deviates from the current exchange rate, where the effective portion of changes in value is accounted for in other comprehensive income.
The value of the derivatives changed by MSEK –120 (–111), mainly due to changes in long-term market interest rates.