Background data for GRI disclosures

In this section, we report on the methods, assumptions and conversion factors used to produce Castellum’s GRI disclosures. In addition, supplementary tables are presented, as well as information for the Annual Report and descriptions of omitted information.

Stakeholder dialogue and materiality analysis

To develop and improve operations, Castellum has identified and analyzed stakeholder expectations of our operations.

Castellum conducts continual dialogue with customers, suppliers, employees, Executive Management and the Board of Directors that shows which sustainability issues the stakeholders consider to be most important for Castellum. The stakeholders consulted are those regarded as having the greatest impact on the company or who are impacted the most by our operations.

In addition to the stakeholder dialogue, Castellum conducts an ongoing dialogue concerning sustainability-related issues at board meetings, meetings with shareholders, and in everyday encounters with customers, employees and suppliers.

Castellum’s most important issues from a stakeholder group perspective

Stakeholder group

 

Most important issues

The table shows the most relevant issues for Castellum’s key stakeholder groups, as expressed in the specific stakeholder dialogue conducted in the autumn of 2016 and updated in 2018. The survey was conducted using online questionnaires.

CUSTOMERS

 

  • More efficient use of resources
  • Environmentally and socially sustainable building materials and installations
  • Environmental certification of buildings

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

 

  • More efficient use of resources
  • Offer an attractive workplace
  • Environmental certification of buildings

SUPPLIERS

 

  • Environmentally and socially sustainable building materials and installations
  • Adapting the properties for climate change
  • Increased investment in renewable energy

EXECUTIVE MANAGEMENT

 

  • More efficient use of resources
  • Promote increased diversity and equality
  • Offer an attractive workplace

EMPLOYEES

 

  • More efficient use of resources
  • Offer an attractive workplace
  • Environmentally and socially sustainable building materials and installations
Castellum’s material sustainability topics and how they correlate with the GRI Standards

Castellum’s sustainability topics

 

GRI Standards area

The table shows how Castellum’s sustainability topics correlate with the aspects of the GRI Standards. A number of Castellum’s sustainability topics are considered important for the company’s sustainability efforts and therefore extend outside the GRI reporting system.

Adapting the properties for climate change

 

Emissions

Anti-corruption

 

Anti-corruption

Diversity and equal opportunity

 

Diversity and equal opportunity

Pay adequate tax

 

Financial performance

Efficient use of resources (energy, water and materials)

 

Energy, water, environmental compliance

Offer an attractive workplace

 

Employment and working conditions, training, health and safety

Audit suppliers about working conditions, human rights and the environment

 

Evaluation of suppliers regarding societal and environmental impact

Sustainable financing (e.g. “green” MTNs)

 

Healthy premises that increase our tenants’ wellness

 

Customer Health and Safety

Increased investment in renewable energy

 

Energy

Environmental certification of buildings

 

Product responsibility

Environmentally and socially sustainable building materials and installations

 

Collaborate with customers to achieve higher sustainability performance

 

Create attractive communities, (e.g. offering internships)

 

Local communities

Creating conditions for waste sorting

 

Waste

Creation of smarter workplaces through modern technology, e.g. services to share office space

 

Increase the amount of green space and ecosystem services

 

Impact on the business community

Many of Castellum’s sustainability topics have an impact outside the company’s legal framework; for example, on our customers, suppliers, and in the communities in which we operate. Castellum reports background descriptions for each essential sustainability topic and precisely where in the company’s value chain this topic has an impact. Refer to Castellum’s GRI index for referrals to information regarding sustainability governance.

Materiality analysis

The result of the stakeholder dialogues that were conducted, in combination with the company’s materiality analysis, means that Castellum is focusing on the following topics. These are also collected in Castellum’s agenda for the sustainable city.

The planet

How we will responsibly and efficiently reduce resource use and carbon emissions that cause global warming.

Future-proofing

How we create a sustainable property portfolio in a changing world.

Well-being

How we promote health, wellness and productivity.

Conduct

How we can create better communities, with increased employment and involvement.

Materiality analysis
Materiality analysis (Special)

Occupational health and safety, GRI 403-2

Castellum had 7 injuries among employees and 11 injuries among suppliers.

Castellum’s workplace injuries are handled according to established procedures. If an employee suffers an occupational injury or gets into an accident at work, or if some near-accident occurs at work, the regional managing director, the manager concerned and the HR Director – as well as the employee – will investigate the causes so that the risk of ill health and accidents can be prevented in the future. The regional managing director, or alternately the manager concerned, must report the occurrence to the Swedish Work Environment Authority without delay. The regional managing director is also responsible for reporting work-related injuries to Castellum’s legal department. The documentation will be used in the systematic health and safety work so as to prevent future accidents.

Waste by type and disposal method, 306-2

Castellum does not fully break down waste information by type or management method, as we currently do not have access to this information at a detailed level. The information will be developed over the next few years in pace with our having the possibility of obtaining more complete information from our suppliers.

Equality, GRI 405-1

Demographic structure personnel

 

2019

 

2018

 

2017

 

 

Num­ber of people

 

Propor­tion women

 

Num­ber of people

 

Propor­tion women

 

Num­ber of people

 

Propor­tion women

This table shows the demographic structure of personnel, according to age and gender, for various administrative levels. Castellum does not track the minority status of employees.

Board of Directors

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

57%

 

7

 

57%

Under 30 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

30–50 years

 

1

 

100%

 

1

 

100%

 

1

 

100%

Over 50 years

 

6

 

50%

 

6

 

50%

 

6

 

50%

Executive management

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

44%

 

9

 

56

Under 30 years

 

 

 

 

 

 

30–50 years

 

5

 

40%

 

6

 

67%

 

5

 

60%

Over 50 years

 

2

 

50%

 

3

 

0%

 

4

 

50%

Employees excl. exec. mgmt

 

 

 

 

 

374

 

42%

 

384

 

38%

Under 30 years

 

48

 

47%

 

32

 

29%

 

51

 

31%

30–50 years

 

218

 

45%

 

198

 

54%

 

215

 

44%

Over 50 years

 

154

 

28%

 

145

 

27%

 

118

 

31%

Energy, GRI 302-1

Energy source

 

Absolute energy use, 2019

 

Renewable share

All energy consumption is reported in megawatt-hours (MWh); to recalculate energy consumption from MWh to gigajoules (GJ), use a conversion factor of 3.6. Castellum uses no steam power.

Building electricity

 

76,895

 

100%

Electricity, geothermal and cooling

 

1,316

 

100%

Electricity, direct

 

522

 

100%

Total electricity consumption

 

78,733

 

100%

Biogas

 

2,714

 

100%

Total fuel consumption from renewable fuels

 

2,714

 

100%

Natural gas

 

223

 

0

Oil

 

86

 

0

Total fuel consumption from non-renewable fuels

 

309

 

0

District heating

 

218,716

 

95%

District cooling

 

15,767

 

99%

Total energy consumption

 

316,238

 

96%

Emissions, GRI 305-1, 305-2 and 305-3

We monitor our greenhouse gas emissions annually in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol. 2017 was chosen as the bast year for Castellum’s Science Based Target of zero net CO2 emissions by 2030. This is because it was the first year when a complete scope 3 inventory could be carried out. For scopes 1 and 2, and for business travel, there is comparable data back to 2007. The table below reports on the activities, assumptions and conversion factors forming the basis for reporting Castellum’s energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

Supplier environmental assessment, GRI 308-1

Castellum is unable to report quantitative data for the number of supplier audits containing environmental criteria; we report only qualitatively on how we work to influence our suppliers regarding the environment. Castellum is investigating the possibilities of implementing a Group-wide model regarding monitoring how environmental requirements are to be managed. Currently there is no decision on whether this model is to be adapted based on the requirements in the GRI.

Negative social impacts in the supply chain and actions taken, GRI 414-2

Castellum is unable to report quantitative data for supplier evaluations regarding impact on society; we report only to a certain extent on the Group’s negative and positive impacts in the supplier chain and how we want to influence using our Code of Conduct. Castellum’s ambition over the long term is to produce a Group-wide model for how our suppliers’ impact on society is to be monitored. Currently there is no decision on whether this model is to be adapted based on the requirements in the GRI.

Complete inventory of GHG emissions

Absolute emissions are indicated in metric tons of CO2eq, and intensity in kg per square meter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

2017 (base year)

 

Method for calculation*

2017 was chosen as the base year for Castellum’s Science Based Target initiative, since it was the first year Castellum was able to take a full inventory of its scope 3 GHG emissions. No exclusion of essential greenhouse gases has been made.

*)

According to GHG Protocol Corporate Value Chain Standard

**)

The following types of scope 3 emissions are not relevant for Castellum (approved by the Science Based Target initiative): 2. Capital goods, 3. Fuel and energy-related activities, 9. Downstream transportation & distribution, 10. Processing of sold products, 11. Use of sold products, 12. End-of-life treatment of sold products, 14. Franchises, 15. Investments

 

 

Absolute

 

Intensity

 

Absolute

 

Intensity

 

Absolute

 

Intensity

 

 

Scope 1 Includes natural gas, oil, refrigerants and fuels for company cars

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Direct emissions

 

458

 

0.1

 

675

 

0.2

 

1,122

 

0.3

 

Fuel-based method

Biogenic emissions

 

535

 

0.1

 

664

 

0.2

 

924

 

0.2

 

Fuel-based method

Scope 2 Includes electricity, district heating and cooling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Market-based method

 

5,764

 

1.4

 

4,362

 

1.0

 

6,133

 

1.4

 

Fuel-based method

Location-based method

 

37,222

 

8.7

 

47,818

 

11.3

 

48,560

 

11.1

 

Fuel-based method

Scope 1+2 (Market-based)

 

6,222

 

1.5

 

5,036

 

1.2

 

7,255

 

1.7

 

Fuel-based method

Scope 1+2 (Location-based)

 

37,680

 

8.9

 

48,492

 

11.5

 

49,682

 

11.3

 

Fuel-based method

Scope 3 Includes all other relevant indirect emissions**

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Purchased goods and services

 

266,860

 

62.7

 

273,279

 

64.6

 

322,279

 

73.6

 

Spend-based method

4. Upstream transportation and distribution

 

173

 

0.0

 

166

 

0.0

 

289

 

0.1

 

Spend-based method

5. Waste generated in operations

 

2,161

 

0.5

 

2,038

 

0.5

 

1,839

 

0.4

 

Spend-based method

6. Business travel

 

127

 

0.0

 

151

 

0.0

 

138

 

0.0

 

Distance-based method

7. Employee Commuting

 

166

 

0.0

 

159

 

0.0

 

155

 

0.0

 

Average-based method

8. Upstream leased assets

 

68

 

0.0

 

59

 

0.0

 

51

 

0.0

 

Spend-based method

13. Downstream leased assets

 

54

 

0.0

 

54

 

0.0

 

54

 

0.0

 

Average-based method

Biogenic emissions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scope 3

 

269,608

 

63.4

 

275,905

 

65.2

 

324,806

 

74.1

 

 

Training and education, GRI 404-1

Castellum does not break down training hours by gender and occupational category, as the company does not have access to this information at the personal level. The information may be developed in the next few year with a Group-wide HR system.

Percentage of employees receiving regular performance and career development reviews, GRI 404-3

Castellum does not break down training hours by occupational category, as the company does not have access to this information at the individual level. The information may be developed in the next few year with a Group-wide HR system

Economic performance (GRI 201-1)

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

2017

 

 

MSEK

 

MSEK

 

MSEK

Directly created economic value

 

5,821

 

5,577

 

5,182

Income

 

5,821

 

5,577

 

5,182

Economic value distributed

 

4,512

 

4,147

 

4,119

Operating costs

 

1,466

 

1,400

 

1,408

Dividend to shareholders

 

1,667

 

1,448

 

1,366

Salary and remuneration to employees

 

427

 

382

 

353

Interest to financers

 

782

 

835

 

885

Tax to the Swedish state

 

165

 

74

 

96

Contributions to communities

 

5

 

8

 

11

Economic value retained

 

1,309

 

1,430

 

1,063

Scope

 

Activity

 

Activity data

 

Conversion factor

1Since the district heating suppliers’ conversion factor for the preceding year (2019) was only calculated in 2020, the conversion factor for 2018 is used for emissions linked to traditional district heating.

Scope 1

 

Oil consumption in buildings where the tenant does not have separate metering or billing of actual consumption.

 

Internal collection of statistics relating to consumption in buildings heated by oil.

 

Heating oil 0.28 tonnes CO2e/MWh
Source: GHG Protocol, GWP 2014 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

Scope 1

 

Natural gas consumption in buildings where the tenant does not have separate metering or billing of actual consumption.

 

Internal collection of statistics relating to consumption in buildings heated by natural gas.

 

Natural gas: 0.203 tonnes CO2e/MWh
Source: GHG Protocol, GWP 2014 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

Scope 1

 

Business travel with company vehicles.

 

Travel with company vehicles is based on meter readings. Greenhouse gas emissions are based on distance covered and on combined-cycle fuel consumption for each vehicle.

 

Gasoline: 0.0002375 metric tons CO2e/km
Diesel: 0.0002798 metric tons CO2e/km
Biofuel: 0 metric tons CO2e/km
CNG: 0.0000505 metric tons CO2e/km
Electric hybrid: 0.00005 metric tons CO2e/km
Electric car: 0 metric tons CO2e/km
Source: GHG Protocol, GWP 2014 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

Scope 1

 

Refrigerants

 

Refrigerant emission data is collected from the mandatory refrigerant report of each respective property.

 

Statistics from Svenska Kyl & Värmepumpsföreningen. The data is reported in connection with the Fluorinated Greenhouse Gas regulation, EU/517/2014, and appurtenant Swedish legislation, which is declared based on applicable practices.

Scope 2

 

Consumption of electricity in properties where the tenant does not have separate measurement or invoicing of actual consumption.

 

Internal collection of statistics for properties where Castellum is responsible for electricity use.

 

Origin-labelled renewable electricity: 0 g CO2e/MWh Residual mix: 0.00025076 metric tons CO2e/km
Source: The Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate.

Scope 2

 

Consumption of district heating and district cooling in properties where the tenant does not have separate measurement or invoicing of actual consumption.

 

Internal collection of statistics for properties where Castellum is responsible for district heating and district cooling. District heating consumption is adjusted based on SMHI degree days and vacancy rate.

 

Statistics from respective district heating providers.1

Scope 3

 

Business travel, taxi.

 

The majority of the data from suppliers and manual retrieval.

 

0.000147 metric tons CO2e/km
Source: GHG Protocol, GWP 2014 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

Scope 3

 

Business travel, air.

 

The majority of the data from suppliers and manual retrieval.

 

Nordic region: 0.000171 metric tons CO2e/km
Europe: 0.000092 metric tons CO2e/km
World: 0.000083 metric tons CO2e/km
Source: GHG Protocol, GWP 2014 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

Scope 3

 

Business travel, train.

 

The majority of the data from suppliers.

 

0.00000022 metric tons CO2e/km
Source: SJ

Scope 3

 

Business travel, private vehicles.

 

Internal monitoring of kilometers driven on business with private vehicles.

 

0.000147 metric tons CO2e/km
Source: GHG Protocol, GWP 2014 IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

Scope 3

 

Employee commutes.

 

Employee commutes in km are estimated based on data from Transport Analysis combined with emission factors from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.

 

Source: Swedish EPA and Transport Analysis

Scope 3

 

Assets leased downstream.

 

Calculated from a template of tenants’ energy use.

 

Residual mix: 0.00025076 metric tons CO2e/km
Source: BELOK, the Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate

Scope 3

 

Other GHG emissions.

 

The carbon footprint is calculated based on how much is spent on suppliers from various industry sectors (e.g. transportation, travel, consultants, etc.). Emissions are then calculated using sector data from the World Input Output Database (WIOD) in accordance with the recommendations of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol for a Scope 3 screening.

 

Source: World Input Output Database (WIOD) 2013